What is disability?
Disability is a term used to describe a physical, cognitive, or sensory attribute affecting a child’s day-to-day activities.
• Children with physical disabilities have limitations in control or movement of their body affecting their ability to sit, walk, or use their hands. Usually children with severe physical disabilities need a wheelchair for mobility and assistance from others on a day-to-day basis.
• Children with cognitive disabilities often have challenges in their speech, problem-solving, memory, self-control, and other mental skills. If these disabilities are severe they may be unable to produce few if any words or signs for expression, and may have challenges understanding cues or language.
• Children with hearing disability have limitiations in their hearing. If the disability is severe they are unable to hear even with assistive technologies such as hearing aids or other assistive technologies.
• Children with vision disability have limitations in their vision. If the disability is severe they are classified as either near blind or blind.